Best Dog Food For Chihuahuas

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The Best Dog Food for Chi's!

Chihuahuas might be the world’s smallest dog breed, but that doesn’t mean they have less specific food requirements!

In fact, when it comes to Chihuahua dog food, these wee little dogs have BIG needs. Therefore, it can be tricky to understand the ins and outs of Chihuahua nutrition.

Many Chihuahua owners find themselves wondering:
• How much dry dog food to feed a Chihuahua?
• What should a Chihuahua eat in a day?
• Are there any Chihuahua foods to avoid?
• If my Chihuahua is a very picky eater, what do I do?
• What does an overweight Chihuahua diet look like (and how can I solve this problem?)

Video: What you need to know about Chihuahuas!

Luckily, finding the best dog food for Chihuahuas doesn’t have to be a stressful experience.

Today on Dog Food Specialist, our canine nutrition pros cover everything you need to know.

Smaller dogs are likely to suffer from pollutants so shop from a reliable manufacturer with stringent quality controls in place

As a veterinary technician, I enjoyed caring for these amusing pets.

And now that I’ve done some research to identify the finest dog foods for Chihuahuas, it’s time to help you discover the best choice, too!

First of all, the smaller the dog, the more likely he is to suffer from adverse effects caused by pollutants.

This implies that you shop from a reliable manufacturer with stringent quality controls in place.

My study suggests that Wellness Toy Breed Complete Health Dog Food is the greatest overall dog food for Chihuahuas (or as some say, “Chiwawa” food).

Your tiny canine companion, on the other hand, is one-of-a-kind. As a result, I’ve reviewed some of the finest brands in each area of dog food for Chihuahuas.

In this article we will look at:
The best dog foods for chihuahuas
• A guide to buying dog food for Chi’s
• The nutritional requirements of Chihuahuas
• Things to consider when selecting a dog food for Chi’s
• How much & how often should I feed my Chi?
• Health issues & dietary considerations
• 5 cool facts about Chihuahuas

Let’s get started.

Table of Contents

12 Best Dog Foods for Chihuahuas Reviewed

The first major question new Chi parents have about dog food for Chihuahuas is what type of food to buy. Whether you go dry or wet food, one of the easiest ways for you to determine good dog food is by reading the label and looking out for the AAFCO Statement. [1]

Always consult with your veterinarian before making changes to your dog’s diet

All of the dog foods on this list are in accordance with the AAFCO nutrient profile recommendations for dogs.

Best Dog food for Chihuahuas

So, what food is best for chihuahuas? The answer is…it depends! You Chi’s age and overall health will factor into your decision. However, the following ranks high on our list of best food to feed a Chihuahua. Read onto to discover why.

Wellness Toy Breed Complete Health Dog Food

  • First 5 ingredients: Deboned Chicken, Chicken Meal, Turkey Meal, Ground Brown Rice, Ground Rice
    • Key feature: Whole-food based nutrition for toy breeds
    Guaranteed Analysis: 30% Crude Protein, 17% Crude Fat, 3.5%
    Crude Fiber, 10% Moisture
    Caloric Content: 502 kcal/cup
    Type of Product: No Corn, No Wheat, No Soy
    Life Stage: Adult
    Best for Overall

This formula is designed specifically for the unique needs of toy breeds. Small kibble pieces provide 502kcal/cup to provide adequate energy in a tiny serving size.

Toy breeds like Chihuahuas have fast metabolisms that require high-calorie foods. [2] When reading Chi dog food reviews, always look for notes about high-calorie content – it’s a must!

A high protein, high fat composition of 30% protein and 17% fat provides these calories. Quality protein from chicken ensures that your tiny pup’s diet meets hisenergy needs.

Additional healthy ingredients include sweet potatoes and flaxseed. These ingredients provide healthy sources of fiber to boost digestibility and nutrient absorption in small dogs. [3]

Oats and other whole grains offer quality sources of digestible carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are critical for toy breeds susceptible to hypoglycemia. [4]

Dog owners often select this food for Chihuahuas with heart problems due to its low sodium content. But some fussy eaters may not like the taste of this formula. Therefore, if you’re stuck on what to feed a picky Chihuahua, this brand could be a hit or miss.

Best Grain Free Dog Food for Chihuahuas

Dog owners choose to go grain-free for a whole host of reasons. Many Chi parents report that their fur baby has a healthier coat, better skin, more energy, and fewer allergies after making the switch.

If the idea of Chihuahua homemade dog food without grains appeals to you, this article titled Homemade Dog Food covers everything you need to know.

But for those who prefer the convenience of bagged dog food and who want best dry dog food for a Chihuahua, you can’t go wrong with the following.

Taste of the Wild Appalachian Valley Small Breed Grain-Free Dry Dog Food

  • First 5 ingredients: Venison, Lamb Meal, Garbanzo Beans, Peas,
    Key feature: Whole-food based nutrition for toy breeds
    Guaranteed Analysis: 32% Crude Protein, 18% Crude Fat, 4%
    Crude Fiber, 10% Moisture
    • Caloric Content: 370 kcal/cup
    Type of Product: No grain, corn, wheat, artificial flavors, or artificial
    • Life Stage: Adult
    Best for Overall

The #1 ingredient and is high in protein (32%) to help support bones, joints, and lean muscles.

Contains species-specific K9 Strain Proprietary Probiotics, along with antioxidants and prebiotics to help support healthy digestion, immune
system health, and overall health and wellness.

Probiotics and prebiotic fiber help to support healthy digestion, while a blend of venison, lamb, egg, duck, and ocean fish proteins provide optimal amino acid nutrition.

Loaded with so many excellent, highquality ingredients, no wonder this is also one of the best dog foods for older Chihuahuas.

Crafted with vitamins and minerals from real fruits and superfoods, omega fatty acids for skin and coat health, and nutrients for the energy your furry friend needs to thrive! Rich in proteins and fat, this recipe provides balanced nutrition, the energy that active small dogs need.

Best puppy food for Chihuahuas

Next up, let’s learn about the best dog food for Chihuahua puppies. When they are born, Chihuahuas weigh between 2 to 6 ounces at birth…teeny tiny! Chihuahua puppies 5 weeks old usually eat just ½ to 1 and ⅓ cups of food a day. But again, it’s not just how much they are fed, but what goes into their bowl that matters.

Blue Buffalo Life Protection Formula Small Breed Puppy Food

  • First 5 ingredients: Deboned Chicken, Chicken Meal, Oatmeal,
    Barley, Menhaden Fish Meal
    Key feature: Protein-rich formula with DHA for healthy brain
    Guaranteed Analysis: 29% Crude Protein, 17% Crude Fat, 5%
    Crude Fiber, 10% Moisture
    • Caloric Content: 415 kcal/cup
    Type of Product: No Corn, No Wheat, No Soy
    • Life Stage: Growth
    Best for Chihuahua Puppies

Chihuahuas puppies have unique nutritional needs due to their small size. Like other toy breeds, they do not store carbohydrates efficiently as glycogen. [4]

They need constant access to high-energy food to prevent hypoglycemia. So, what is the best food for a chihuahua puppy? For many Chi parents, it’s Blue Buffalo Life Protection Formula Small Breed Puppy Food!

This formula from Blue Buffalo features deboned chicken as the first ingredient. A high 29% crude protein content provides adequate energy levels for growing puppies.

A 17% crude fat content contributes to an ideal caloric content of 415 kcal/cup. The fish meal provides essential omega-3 fatty acids like DHA and ARA. These nutrients play a crucial role in the brain, eye, and muscle development. [5]

Unique “puppy-sized” kibble is perfect for tiny mouths. And a small serving size meets the nutritional requirements Chihuahua puppy dog food.
The calcium, phosphorus, and essential vitamins provided by this food are critical for healthy bone development.

Chihuahua owners find that their puppies like the taste of this food. But some puppies spit out the “LifeSource Bits” of kibble that contain concentrated vitamins and minerals.

To learn more about the best dog food for Chihuahua puppies, check out what the Dog Food Specialist canine experts have to say by clicking here.

And for more helpful information on selecting the right treats don’t miss this article: 6 Best Puppy Training Treats.

Best High Protein Dog Food for Chihuahuas

Dogs are omnivores, meaning they happily eat both plants and meat. But even though a Chihuahua raw diet will be packed full of rich animal-based proteins, there are also fantastic brands that sell packaged dog food that is high in protein, saving you the time and energy that goes into preparing Chihuahua homemade dog food.

Here is the dog food that gets two paws up from us!

Instinct Raw Boost Toy Breed Grain-Free Dry Dog Food

  • First 5 ingredients: Chicken, chicken meal (source of glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate), chickpeas, tapioca, chicken fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid)
    Key Features: Grain-Free, high protein with natural probiotics, natural omegas, and antioxidants
    Guaranteed Analysis: 35% Crude Protein, 20% Crude Fat, 4% Crude Fiber, 9% Moisture
    Calorific Content:469 kcal/cup
    Type of Product: Grain-free
    Life Stages: All life stages
    Best for Adult chihuahuas and puppies

Instinct Toy Breed gets the bulk of its animal protein from fresh chicken and chicken meal in addition to other named species. Dry matter label analysis reveals the recipe contains 38% protein, 22% fat, and 32% estimated carbs… creating a fat-toprotein ratio of about 57%.

Featuring cage-free chicken as the first ingredient, there’s an ideal balance of protein, fat, and calories to promote a healthy weight.

This formula is preserved with vitamin E and citric acid… and free of BHA or other high-risk chemical additives. A quality design. Highly recommended.

There are also probiotics for digestive health, high levels of omegasfor healthy skin and coat, plus plenty of antioxidants for immune health.

Best Dog food for Sensitive Stomach for Chihuahuas

Yuck! What’s that smell?

You might be surprised to learn that these pint-sized dogs can produce quite the stinky odor due to an upset stomach! The best dog food for Chihuahuas will be easily digested and not cause tummy troubles.

For small breeds and seniors alike, we like:

Nutro Wholesome Essentials Small Breed Senior Food

  • First 5 ingredients: Chicken, Chicken Meal, Brewers Rice, Split Peas, Whole Brown Rice
    Key feature: Non-GMO senior formula for small breeds
    Guaranteed Analysis: 25% Crude Protein, 13% Crude Fat, 5% Crude Fiber, 10% Moisture
    Caloric Content: 315 kcal/cup
    Type of Product: No Corn, No Wheat, No Soy, Non-GMO
    Life Stage: Senior
    Best for Chihuahua Seniors

Some Chihuahuas are susceptible to obesity. But many lose their appetite as they age, leading to weight loss. Owners recommend this toy breed formula for fussy senior Chihuahua nutrition.

Real chicken meat provides the 25% protein content of this food. And sensitive stomachs benefit from the absence of by-products, corn, wheat, or soy. Beet pulp and other healthy fiber sources help keep your elderly Chihuahua’s digestive system healthy. [6]

Additional antioxidants can also help protect the weakened immune systems of older dogs. If your dog suffers from joint discomfort, you may need to add a supplement to this diet. This senior food does not contain glucosamine or other chondroprotective ingredients

Best Hypoallergenic Dog Food for Chihuahuas

There are two main components in choosing the best dog food for Chihuahuas: nutrition and taste. Afterall, if your Chi is picky and doesn’t eat their food, then they won’t get any of the nutritional benefits, will they?

However, for some dog parents, there is a third consideration: hypoallergenic food.

In such cases, we recommend:

Natural Balance L.I.D. Limited Ingredient Diets Small Breed Grain-Free Dog Food

  • First 5 ingredients: Chicken, Chicken Meal, Sweet Potatoe, Cassava, Potatoes
  • Key feature: Sensitive Stomachs, Limited Ingredient formula for small breeds
  • Guaranteed Analysis: 24% Crude Protein, 10% Crude Fat, 4% Crude Fiber, 10% Moisture
  • Caloric Content: 387 kcal/cup
  • Type of Product: Does not contain any added peas, pea protein, lentils, legumes, corn, wheat or soy
  • Life Stage: Adult 
  • Best for Chihuahua Adults

Best Sensitive Stomach Food– This Natural Balance limited ingredient formula is exceptional for Chihuahuas with allergies and sensitive stomachs. The limited number of protein and carbohydrate sources will provide all of the nutritional value that your pup needs without putting stress on their tummy.

The diet is complete and balanced to promote your Chi’s overall wellness which includes:

• Flaxseed and salmon oil promotes healthy skin and coat
• No artificial colors or flavors
• Designed specifically for smaller jaws and crafted with a crunchy texture.

Natural Balance L.I.D. small breed bites are made with wholesome ingredients to provide your tiny pooch with all of the nutrients they need to live a fulfilling life. The formula will optimize your Chihuahua’s skin and coat while offering quality nutrition

Best Budget Food for Chihuahuas

One of the biggest pros about Chihuahuas is that they are relatively cheap to feed, especially when compared it a giant Great Dane (which eats 6 to 8 cups of food per day!) Still, some of the best Chihuahua dog foods are more expedience than others.

Those seeking a budget-friendly option can considering the following.

Diamond Naturals Small Breed Adult Dog Food

  • First 5 ingredients: Chicken, Chicken Meal, Ground White Rice, Chicken Fat, Cracked Pearl Barley
    Key feature: Budget-friendly formula that contains superfoods
    Guaranteed Analysis: 27% Crude Protein, 16% Crude Fat, 3% Crude Fiber, 10% Moisture
    Caloric Content: 345 kcal/cup
    Type of Product: No Corn, No Wheat, No Soy
    Life Stage: Adult
    Best for Budget Chihuahua Food

This affordable brand offers formulas that feature quality protein sources and superfoods commonly found in premium options. Superfoods in this formula include kale, pumpkin, blueberries, and chia seeds.

Superfoods are nutrient-dense ingredients that provide a concentrated source of vitamins and minerals. Your Chihuahua can get all the nutrients he needs from a small serving of this food.

Chicken is the first ingredient, providing a 27% protein content. Other budget foods often depend on meat by-products as their primary ingredient.

All Diamond Naturals formulas contain 80 billion CFUs of a proprietary probiotic with Lactobacillus Acidophilus. This probiotic helps improve digestive health when included in dry dog food blends. [7]

Dog owners report improvements in their dog’s bowel movements thanks to the probiotic. But it may not be suitable for a picky Chihuahua.

Grain Free Dog Food for Chihuahuas

Here is another great grain-free option! Made with sweet potatoes, peas, and REAL chicken, this brand has lots of protein to keep your Chi in tiptop shape. A “pawsome” choice for good overall Chihuahua nutrition.

Solid Gold Mighty Mini Toy Dog Food

  • First 5 ingredients: Chicken, Chicken Meal, Chickpeas, Peas, Pea Protein
    Key feature: Premium dog food formulated for mini breeds
    • Guaranteed Analysis: 30% Crude Protein, 18% Crude Fat, 4% Crude Fiber, 10% Moisture
    Caloric Content: 450 kcal/cup
    Type of Product: Gluten Free, Grain Free, No Corn, No Wheat, No Soy
    Life Stage: Adult
    Best for Premium Chihuahua Food

Owners who want to feed their Chihuahua a premium diet appreciate the benefits offered by this formula. This grain-free dog food still provides toy breeds with adequate amounts of energy.

Sweet potatoes and peas offer sources of complex carbohydrates that your Chihuahua can easily digest. Probiotics support your dog’s digestive health with the fermentation products of several strains of healthy bacteria.

Real chicken is the first ingredient, providing a high 30% crude protein content. Other animal sources of lean protein include ocean fish meal, a source of healthy omega-3 fatty acids.

This holistic formula can help improve the overall well-being of many dogs. But a high portion of pea products in the recipe make it unsuitable for Chihuahuas with pea allergies.

Best Wet Dog food for Chihuahuas

Merrick Lil’ Plates Mini Medley Wet Dog Food

  • First 5 ingredients: Deboned Chicken, Chicken Broth, Turkey Broth, Chicken Liver, Dried Egg Whites
    Key feature: Wet food available in a variety of flavors for picky eaters
    Guaranteed Analysis: 8% Crude Protein, 3% Crude Fat, 1.4% Crude Fiber, 82% Moisture
    Caloric Content: 212 kcal/cup
    Type of Product: Grain-Free, No Corn, No Wheat, No Soy, Gluten Free
    Life Stage: Adult
    Best for: Wet Food for Chihuahuas

Lil’ Plates Mini Medleys come in various packs that include chicken, beef, and turkey formulas. These wet food bowls appeal to picky Chihuahuas. Many Chihuahua owners who struggled to find dog food their pups would eat had success feeding their dogs this
wet food.

Wet food contains a high moisture content, which results in macronutrient percentages that appear deceptively low. But the premium lean animal meats in these recipes provide excellent sources of protein for your toy dog.

These recipes include liver meat and other organs. Organ meats are nutrientdense ingredients and excellent sources of vitamin A. [8]
Complex carbohydrates and quality protein meet the energy needs of high metabolisms without grain.

Nutritionists designed this food for optimal flavor, but some owners find the grayish color off-putting

Dog Food for Sensitive Stomach for Chihuahuas

Does your Chi get sick easily or have digestion issues?

These could be signs of a sensitive stomach. Here at Dog Food Specialist, we are occasionally asked, “Is Cesar dog food good for Chihuahuas?” And while the answer is generally and for most pups, yes, we also highly recommend another
brand called Canidae.

Here is why.

Canidae Pure Small Breed Dog Food

  • First 5 ingredients: Chicken, Chicken Meal, Peas, Lentils, Tapioca,
    Key feature: Limited-ingredient diet for small dogs with Sensitive Stomachs
    Guaranteed Analysis: 24% Crude Protein, 12% Crude Fat, 4% Crude Fiber, 10% Moisture
    Caloric Content: 525 kcal/cup
    Type of Product: Grain-Free, Limited Ingredient Diet, High-Protein, No Corn No Wheat No Soy, Raw
    Life Stage: Adult
    Best for: hypoallergenic recipe made without corn, wheat, or soy, making it the perfect option for small breed adult dogs with sensitive stomachs

Only nine key ingredients make up the simple recipe for this limited-ingredient dog food. This meets nutritional requirements while eliminating common allergens that affect Chihuahuas.

Toy breeds often have sensitive stomachs. Unfortunately, there is no way to cure allergies in dogs. But you can manage allergic reactions by feeding a simple diet without fillers or additives. [9]

Most allergens are proteins. So the single chicken source of this food’s 24% protein content helps limit the potential for new allergies to develop.

This formula is also gluten-free. In addition to quality protein, peas and lentils provide adequate energy to power fast metabolisms without grain. The kibble is on the bigger side for a small breed formula. But most Chihuahuas have no problem eating it safely.

Best Food for Chihuahuas

Royal Canin is a brand recognized worldwide. But did you know? There is Royal Canin Chihuahua dog food made specifically for your small four-legged friend. For those who want a dry kibble instead of Royal Canin wet Chihuahua food, the following is definitely worth trying.

On the label, you will see:

Royal Canin Chihuahua Adult Dry Dog Food

  • First 5 ingredients: Corn, Chicken By-Product Meal, Brewers Rice, Wheat Gluten, Oat Groats
    • Key feature: Breed-specific nutrition designed exclusively for Chihuahuas
    Guaranteed Analysis: 26% Crude Protein, 14% Crude Fat, 3.5% Crude Fiber, 10% Moisture
    Caloric Content: 323 kcal/cup
    Type of Product: Specialty Diet
    Life Stage: Adult
    Best for: Breed-Specific Nutrition for Chihuahuas

This formula is developed exclusively for the unique needs of Chihuahuas. Considerations for this feisty breed include their tiny jaws and fussy appetites. A specialized kibble design highlights this dry dog food. Kibble pieces are tiny and uniquely shaped for the petite mouths of Chihuahuas.

Owners notice that a strong pleasant aroma helps encourage their Chihuahuas to eat. This breed is notoriously picky. I often struggled to get these tiny dogs to eat during their stays at the veterinary clinic.

If you find yourself getting frustrated and regularly exclaiming, “Oh no! My chihuahua is a picky eater. What do I do?” this could be the answer to your Chihuahua picky eater problems.

And remember, fasting can cause health problems such as hypoglycemia. So this formula includes 26% protein content from chicken and digestible grains to ensure that picky pups consume enough energy

Best Dog Food for Joint care for Chihuahuas

Unfortunately, Chihuahuas are no strangers to joint issues. Even though they are so small, they are at high risk of obesity. This can result in joint and mobility problems, arthritis, knee issues, etc. Thus, you need to know about the best dog food for Chihuahuas that will help keep
their joints supple and strong!

Hill’s Science Diet Healthy Mobility Small Bites Dog Food

  • First 5 ingredients: Chicken Meal, Brewers Rice, Whole Grain
    Sorghum, Brown Rice, Whole Grain Wheat
    Key feature: Anti-inflammatory and chondroprotective ingredients ease joint discomfort
    Guaranteed Analysis: 17% Crude Protein, 10% Crude Fat, 3.0% Crude Fiber, 10% Moisture
    Caloric Content: 359 kcal/cup
    Type of Product: Specialty Diet
    • Life Stage: Adult
    Best for: Chihuahuas with Joint Issues

Most mobility diets cater to larger breeds with prevalent joint diseases. But your Chihuahua’s small limbs are fragile and need support too.
This specialty formula provides common chondroprotective ingredients specifically for toy breeds suffering from joint discomfort.

This dry dog food features a slightly lower protein content of 17% from chicken meal. Most of the 359kcal/cup caloric content comes from whole-grain ingredients like brown rice.

That makes it one of the best dry dog foods for senior Chihuahuas who perhaps don’t require the same types of protein anymore compared to their younger counterparts.

As we explain in this article about Best Senior Dog Food, pups inh their senior years should be eating only best meat protein – it’s all about quality, quality, quality!

Increased levels of omega-3 fatty acids from fish oil help ease joint inflammation. [10] And additional antioxidants like vitamin E help protect joint tissues from damage.

This food also features higher levels of glucosamine and chondroitin to provide building blocks for healthy joint cartilage. [11]

Chihuahua owners generally notice improvements in their Chihuahua’s mobility within 30 days of starting this diet.

Best Low Fat Dog Food for Chihuahuas

Oh dear.
Is your Chi looking a tad chunky?
Sounds like you might need a low-fat Chihuahua dog food.

Eukanuba Fit body weight Control Small Breed Food

  • First 5 ingredients: Chicken, Chicken By-Product Meal, Wheat, Corn, Barley
    Key feature: Weight-control formula with low-fat content
    Guaranteed Analysis: 29% Crude Protein, 10% Crude Fat, 3.9% Crude Fiber, 10% Moisture
    Caloric Content: 320 kcal/cup
    Type of Product: Weight Control, Pea-Free
    Life Stage: Adult
    Best for: Overweight Chihuahuas

Chihuahuas need relatively small serving sizes of dog food. But when overfed, they can quickly become overweight. This formula ensures that your tiny furry friend gets all the nutrients he needs without excess calories.

A low-fat content of 10% sets this dog food apart and lowers the caloric content. This blend has 40% less fat than Eukaneuba’s traditional food. But digestible carbohydrates and a 29% protein content from chicken still provide adequate energy for toy breeds.

A 50% greater concentration of glucosamine helps support the joints of overweight Chihuahuas. Toy breeds have fragile joints that undergo excess stress under extra pounds of weight.

Dog owners who combine this diet with adequate exercise report successful weight loss in Chihuahuas. Weight loss is encouraged by L-carnitine, an amino acid that promotes fat burning. [12] 

Nutritional Requirements

The Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) has established the minimal requirements for key nutrients in dogs.

AAFCO recommendations state a protein requirement of at least 22% for puppy and lactating female growth and reproduction, as well as an 18% protein minimum for adult dogs. The percentages
for fat are 8% and 5%, respectively.

However, research from the National Research Council of the National Academies (NRC) has shown that growing puppies can safely consume considerably higher amounts of protein and fat.

In fact, NRC guidelines recommend a 29% protein minimum for growth and 30% for lactation for all life stages.

This is reflected by commercial puppy foods that typically have higher amounts of protein (24-40%).

The Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) has established the minimal requirements for key nutrients in dogs.


Protein is a must-have in dog food. It’s the most essential meal your dog will get. At least 40% of your Chihuahua’s diet should be composed of protein. Chicken, lamb, beef, or fish are examples of whole meat sources.

A meat source should be the first item mentioned on the ingredients list for commercial kibble or wet food.

A protein will maximize your Chihuahua’s physical health and development, as well as provide him with a strong immune system. If there are no sources of protein on the first ingredients list of kibble, you should switch to another brand that contains protein. Or make your own food.

Of course, not everyone can (or wants to) make homemade dog food for Chihuahuas, but thankfully, we have plenty of excellent commercially available dog foods to pick from!

Fruits and Vegetables

A diverse assortment of fruits and vegetables is critical. They give your dog the nutrients he or she need to flourish, including vitamins, minerals, and nutrients.

High-fiber veggies like peas and leafy greens are great for dogs with sensitive stomachs.

Healthy fruits, such as raspberries and apples, are also abundant in antioxidant-rich nutrients.

Be careful! Not all fruits and veggies are safe. What foods are toxic to Chihuahuas?
• Grapes
• Raisins
• Onions
• Avocado
• Macadamia nuts
• Mushrooms

selection of healthy fruit and vegetables for chihuahuas
Healthy Fruits are abundant in antioxidants.

It takes some time to discover specific fruits and vegetables that your dog will enjoy, but the process of trial and error will be well worth it in the end.

Plant-based meals are fantastic treats. Your dog’s diet should include 40% fruit and vegetable calories, much like a balanced diet for humans.

Probiotics also provide a health boost! Not sure if your pooch would benefit? Here are 5 Signs Your Dog Needs Probiotics.

Complex Carbohydrates

Sweet potatoes, peas, beans and a variety of vegetables are examples of complex carbohydrates. These foods provide energy over the course of the day unlike simple carbohydrates which are quickly absorbed. They can aid in the prevention of blood sugar spikes and serious health issues like diabetes.

Digestible Carbohydrates

A Chihuahua’s diet should include digestible carbohydrates, which are beneficial to his health. Carbohydrates act as a readily available source of energy for toy dogs with fast metabolisms because they provide quick energy.

Small dogs that don’t get enough carbohydrates from their regular food might develop low blood sugar and hypoglycemia. Look for whole-grain ingredients like brown rice and barley.

Grain-free diets are also suitable for Chihuahuas when they contain sources of complex carbohydrates like potatoes and peas

Moderate Fats

Chihuahuas are picky eaters. However, overeating can lead to weight gain in this toy breed. In Chihuahuas, healthy fatty acids are important for brain and coat health.

They may also aid in the prevention of heart diseases that affect this small breed. However, too much unhealthy fat can be harmful to overweight dogs.

The best Chihuahua dog foods have a crude fat content of 10-20% sourced from fish oil and other premium ingredients.

Look for health fats from fish oils and other premium ingredients


Dogs do not require fiber for energy. However, it is important for your Chihuahua’s digestive health. Inadequate fiber leads to constipation in little dogs. Beets and coconut are excellent sources of fiber.

Vitamins for Chihuahuas and Essential Minerals

The nutrient profile requirements established by AAFCO should be followed for all food you give your Chihuahua. The balanced proportions of vitamins and minerals advised in these standards aid in proper growth.

Deficiencies can be particularly damaging to pups during the growth process. Bone development is dependent on calcium and phosphorus. If your Chihuahua’s diet does not have enough of these minerals, he may develop bone problems. Vitamins for Chihuahuas as well as supplements should not be overlooked!

Vitamins in fruits and vegetables act as antioxidants. Antioxidants assist to keep tissue free radicals at bay. This barrier may help Chihuahuas with joint problems.

A great multivitamin to consider giving your dog is PetHonesty 10-for-1 Multivitamin Soft Chews All-In-One Supplement for Dogs

Things to Consider When Selecting Dog Food for Chihuahuas

Depending on their life stage and activity level, each Chihuahua has unique nutritional demands.

Kibble Size

Chihuahuas have tiny mouths and eat little. Typically, dog food consists of kibble that is too big for toy breeds to chew effectively. They can easily choke on large amounts of food – uh oh! If they manage to swallow unchewed meals, they may not digest them efficiently.

Poor digestion can lead to nutritional deficiencies because of the size of the dog.

Life Stage

Chihuahuas have distinct nutritional needs at each stage of their life. For growth, puppy requirements are greater in protein, and increasing carbohydrates aids in the reduction of hypoglycemia risk.

Adult Chihuahuas require a high-protein, moderate-fat diet. To accommodate their fast metabolisms, they need enough calories.

Seniors require healthy fats that promote heart health. They may also obtain supplements with added components to aid with aging joints and immune systems.

adult and puppy chihuahua
Chihuahuas have distinct nutritional needs at each stage of their life.

Calorie Needs

To keep a Chihuahua healthy, energetic, and at a proper weight, it needs about 225 calories per day. Purina Pro Plan Chihuahua, Royal Canin Chihuahua, and similar brands can all be fed and the quantity of food adjusted to meet this requirement.

How Much Should You Feed a Chihuahua?

Those new to the Chihuahua breed often ask their veterinarian, “How much should a Chihuahua eat?” Why? Well, because truth be told, it’s difficult to know how much food to feed a tiny dog with high energy requirements. Every puppy is unique, so always talk to your vet when developing your Chihuahua’s diet.

That being said, we can follow a general rule of thumb depending on your Chi’s age. For example, a 12 week old Chihuahua won’t have the same dietary requirements as, say, an old and grey senior dog!

How Much Should You Feed a Chihuahua Puppy?

Chihuahua puppies need a tremendous amount of energy to grow. Between the ages of 8 weeks and 12 months, growing pups require around 50 calories per pound of body weight.

Puppy WeightDaily Calories
1 lb50 Calories
2 lb100 Calories
3 lb150 Calories
4 lb200 Calories
5 lb250 Calories
6 lb300 Calories

How Much Should You Feed an Adult Chihuahua

Average-sized dogs need to eat around 30 calories daily per pound of body weight. Toy breeds like Chihuahuas have faster metabolisms and higher caloric needs. Adult Chihuahuas generally need about 35 to 40 calories per pound of body weight.

Most of these dogs will eat ½ to 2 cups of food per day. At the bare minimum, the best dog food for Chihuahuas will all meet their basic daily caloric needs. Keep in mind, your Chihuahua’s favourite treats count as calories, too! Speaking of treats, for more information on the best dog treats for Chihuahuas, click here.

Okay, let’s calculate much you should fed an adult Chi.


Adult WeightDaily Calories
3 lb120 Calories
4 lb160 Calories
5 lb200 Calories
6 lb240 Calories
7 lb280 Calories

These are suggested daily caloric needs for several breeds of dogs that vary depending on their level of physical activity and health concerns.

How Often Should You Feed a Chihuahua?

Food and snacks for Chihuahuas can quickly add up. As we have already discussed, this is a breed susceptible to obesity. Yet Chihuahuas also need to get enough calories to function properly. It can all feel very complicated!

The good news is, understanding how much should a Chihuahua should eat is made easier once we know how often to feed our dogs.

Chihuahua puppies require frequent access to food in order to maintain stable blood sugar levels. Puppies under the age of three months require 4 to 6 feedings daily, while older Chihuahuas require 3 to 4 meals each day.

After the age of six months, Chihuahuas can eat 2 to 3 meals per day. Smaller adult Chihuahuas eat proportionately less food, as compared to large-breed dogs of the same weight.

Health Issues and Dietary Considerations

The typical health problems that affect Chihuahuas may be influenced greatly by their diet and can include:

Bladder and Kidney Stones

Bladder stones and kidney stones are common in older Chihuahuas, especially males. These tiny calcium deposits grow in your dog’s urinary tract over time, causing issues with urination, bloody urine, and severe agony

Typically, stones pass on their own. If you notice that your Chihuahua has a lot of trouble peeing because he keeps trying repeatedly, or if he seems to have blood in his urine, take him to the vet immediately. He may need special medication that will dissolve the stones.

Skin and Coat Issues

The length of a Chihuahua’s coat can vary, many are sensitive to their skin or suffer from allergies. Fortunately, all puppies benefit from nutrients that promote skin and fur health.

Omega fatty acids are one of the most important components for healthy hair. Healthy fats derived from fish oil encourage the formation of natural oils by the skin. These oils help keep the hair healthy and shiny.

Joint Problems (Dislocated Knee Cap)

Chihuahuas are more prone to develop joint issues than other toy breeds. Glucosamine, which is found in dog foods, is a component that helps form healthy cartilage and relieve discomfort.

Calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin D all aid in the development of bones and joints. Skeletal problems can develop if your dog’s diet is deficient in these minerals.

The dislocation of the kneecap is known as luxating patella (patellar luxation). It’s a hereditary illness that usually begins to manifest four months after birth in puppies.


A luxating patella can cause your Chihuahua to limp or not use the afflicted leg at all. You may notice your dog keeping their hind legs in the air for extended periods of time if it affects his/her rear legs.

This is done to relax the muscles in the affected legs and help the kneecaps return to their normal position.

A luxating patella in Chihuahuas results in the kneecap slipping off to one side or the other rather than staying in place in it’s normal location.

The dog may still be able to walk on the leg but will do so with a limp and will exhibit pain if pressure is applied to the “funny bone” area where the kneecap is located.

It may also become very difficult for your Chihuahua to run and play as normal, favoring other legs because even walking can be painful. Chihuahua patellar luxation should not be neglected; it can lead to arthritis or cartilage deterioration, which is extremely painful.

Fortunately, the pain associated with patellar luxation isn’t particularly severe; your dog will only be in discomfort when their kneecap first dislocates. Surgery is used in extreme situations of patellar luxation to help your Chihuahua’s kneecap return to its normal position.

Heart Conditions (Patent Ductus Arteriosus)

Chihuahuas are more prone to develop patent ductus arteriosus. This is a heart condition in which blood does not flow properly to the lungs. [13]

While this ailment is hereditary, diet may assist keep your Chihuahua’s heart healthy.

To aid cardiac function, seek for supplements that contain high amounts of omega-3 fatty acids.

Omega-3 [14]is important to the canine diet, whether or not your Chihuahua suffers from cardiovascular issues.

Selection of Omega 3 foods for dogs
High amounts of Omega-3 fatty acids aid in cardiac function

Dental Disease

Although this breed has tiny teeth, it still suffers from dental disease, a Chihuahua was one of the most severe dental issues I’ve seen as a veterinary tech.

Brushing your dog’s teeth on a regular basis helps to preserve his smile. Selecting a dry dog food with specially formed kibbles, on the other hand, might help to minimize tartar.

In any case, have your dog’s teeth cleaned by a vet when he starts developing tartar or the gums become red and irritated.

Unfortunately, the vast majority of dogs—over 80%–develop dental disease by the time they are three years old.

To help you find the best dental treats for your dog, dog food specialist in collaboration with has sourced the best eight dog dental chews with the highest customer ratings!

Eye Disorders (Glaucoma, Corneal Dystrophy, Lens Luxation)

Chihuahuas have an increased risk of glaucoma, corneal dystrophy, and lens luxation.

Lens luxation occurs when the lens capsule has been displaced from its usual position. Vitamin A is a required vitamin for eye health.

Organ meats like liver are good sources of vitamin A. If your dog has increased risk of glaucoma or corneal dystrophy, make sure he is getting enough vitamin A. [15]

fruits and veg rich in vitamin A selection
Vitamin A can help dogs who suffer from different eye conditions

If you want your pet dog to live as long as possible, then making sure they get enough Vitamin A may help them out in doing that because this will make them healthier and stronger too which can prevent certain conditions from popping up such as heart disease, cancer, etc.

 One of the most common symptoms related to not getting enough vitamin A is blindness. Check out our blog on The Best Dog Multivitamins


Low blood sugar is usually referred to as hypoglycemia. Your Chihuahua may become weak, dizzy, confused, drowsy, or even pass out as a result of an unchecked diet.

The importance of a healthy diet in managing this disease’s dangers cannot be overstated. Energy levels from food are important. Meals that satisfy his minimal calorie demands while maintaining a correct ratio of macronutrients will aid in the regulation of blood sugar levels.

If you think your Chihuahua is hypoglycemic, take them to the vets immediately. They might require a different diet or other steps to keep them healthy. Hypoglycemia can be an indication of a more serious illness, such as diabetes or liver disease, which only a veterinarian can identify.

If you have a Chihuahua with hypoglycemia, make sure they’re getting enough food throughout the day. Small breeds can experience a drop in blood sugar levels after missing one or two meals, which might result in serious problems such as seizures.


According to the American Kennel Club’s breed guidelines, a pure-bred Chihuahua should not weigh more than six pounds.

Obese Chihuahuas face a variety of health issues, including joint problems, stress on the spine, difficulty breathing, arthritis, and shorter lifespans.

It’s important to monitor your dog’s calorie intake if they become overweight, and try to limit the quantity of food you give them. If you need help managing your dog’s diet, contact your veterinarian.

Owners may not realize how small their Chihuahuas are. Extra food portions and snacks have a far larger influence on toy dogs than bigger breeds.

Overfeeding a Chihuahua can lead to unintended weight gain quickly. This puts added stress on their vulnerable joints and hearts.

Make sure you consult your veterinarian to learn the correct amount of food your pet should eat to satisfy his energy needs without gaining weight.

Overfeeding your Chi puts added stress on their joints and heart

5 Cool facts about Chihuahuas

1) A Chihuahua in the U.K. has a $19,000 Wardrobe

Is your Chihuahua spoiled? A woman in the United Kingdom has spent more than £19,000 on her Chihuahua’s clothing.

Lily, a fawn-colored smooth-coat Chihuahua owned by professional dog groomer Sian Butler, owns hundreds of Dior and Chanel-inspired gowns.

2) Chihuahuas are Named After Chihuahua, Mexico

The Chihuahua’s name comes from the Mexican state of Chihuahua. Mexico’s biggest state, with an area of 95,543 square miles (247,455 square km), is also known as “The Big State” and “The Great State.”

American tourists visiting the area in the late 1800s came upon merchants selling Chihuahuas.

The tourists dubbed the dogs “Chihuahuas” after the area they came from, and that’s how this breed got its name.

3) Midget, the First AKC Chihuahua, was Registered in 1904

In 1904, Hamilton Raynor of El Paso, Texas registered the first Chihuahua with the American Kennel Club (AKC), a long-coat male named Midget.

This was the AKC’s initial acknowledgment of the Chihuahua, ushering in a new era for the breed.

Raynor also registered several other Chihuahuas, including Bonito, Chiquita, Nellie, and Tiny Tinkle Twinkle.

4) Chihuahuas Have Saved Lives!

Chihuahuas may be tiny, but they’re surprisingly tough and brave. Even though they appear to be little balls of fury, Chihuahuas are capable of frightening predators away and protecting their families.

In 2007, a ferocious five-pound Chihuahua named Zoey saved her owner’s one-year-old grandson from a rattlesnake and its venomous bite in Petaluma, California.

In 2008, a four-pound Chihuahua named Honey saved her owner’s 8-year-old granddaughter from a vicious attack by a much larger dog.

And there are numerous cases in which Chihuahuas have alerted their owner during a fire and medical emergencies, making this breed a true life-saver!

Lily has a $19000 wardrobe!

5) The Chihuahua has One of the Longest Lifespans

The Chihuahua has one of the longest lifespans among dogs, living an average of 15 to 20 years.

Smaller breeds tend to live longer than larger ones, but another important element in the Chihuahua’s longevity is the fact that it is largely immune to common health issues.

Best Probiotic for Dogs

Did you know that a dog’s gut health has a significant influence on its overall health?

A recent scientific study reports that 70% to 80% of all illness begins in the gastrointestinal tract! discover why this supplement is essential for your dog’s immune system and overall health- read our blog on: The Best Probiotic for Dogs

The Verdict: The Best Dog Food For Chihuahua

And there you have it!

A list of the very best dog food for Chihuahuas.

Chihuahuas are tiny, lively dogs that require highly digestible energy in a small serving size. To fulfill your dog’s nutritional needs, the best dog food formulations for Chihuahuas include nutrient-dense components. Wellness Toy Breed Complete Health Dog Food is intended to provide comprehensive support for tiny Chi’s.

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